Many of us have a hidden talent in snapping the best pictures but with a lacked knowledge of photography. If you are a beginner and wish to become a pro in photography then you should be aware of Photography Basics. It is not easy for every individual to learn photography basics in a short span of time. To make you learn faster, I have decided to provide the needed information in the below paragraphs.

Basic Photography Needs:

All you need to get started with Photography basics is a Camera(It can be a simple camera or a DSLR). But having DSLR camera will help you to learn things like Aperture, Shutter Speed, ISO easier. Hope you got the needed camera for learning the basic principles of photography. Learning photography is making your camera see what you wish. Once you target the point with your camera then you just need to control the lighting.

To be clear, photography is all about adjusting the light and focussing the object with a clear vision. To learn photography basics, you will need to get started with the basic element of photography called Exposure. When the lighting is less then your picture will be dark and will be too bright if lighting is more. If you can use the exposure, aperture, depth of field, Shutter speed and ISO then your picture will be finally lost.

How should I get Started with Photography?

Firstly, assume that you are looking the object through a small hole in a boundary. You need to understand how much how far the image is from the boundary. Photography basics majorly depend on two factors i.e how large the hole is? and how far you could see?. The larger the hole then more light reaches the sensor. To learn the photography basics clearly, let us get into the discussion about the terms exposure, aperture, depth of field, Shutter speed and ISO.


Generally, when photographers discuss on the topic exposure they simply refer to darkness or brightness of the photo. Which means the light focussed on the object to take a photo with proper brightness or darkness. As you are learning the basic photography concepts, you need to switch to automatic settings or “Green Mode”. Automatic mode lets the camera to control the exposure of the object or picture, aperture Shutter Speed and ISO settings on its own. But Automatic exposure is not the perfect mode to shoot the picture in the best way. You can observe the difference between automatic exposure and creative exposure from the pictures attached below.

We guess that you found the creative exposure image looking great compared to automatic exposure. In creative exposure, the rich colors will show their shine and give the actual beauty to the image. In this photography basics, you might have clearly got an idea about exposure and its importance for shooting the best picture.


While shooting a photo with a camera, you will allow the sensor to focus the image through a hole in the lens called aperture. It means how larger the hole will be then the sensor will vision will be that clear to see the image. The small set of blades in the camera lens will control the light reaching the lens. In photography language, an aperture is measured in F- numbers or F- stops. When the F-number is smaller then the aperture hole looks larger so that more light reaches the sensor. While shooting, you can refer to F- values from F4(larger aperture) to F16(small aperture).

For example, if you are focussing an object but the picture is too bright then you need to fix it. In that cases, you need to choose the smaller aperture. When the aperture number id f/5.6 and looks too dark then you have to choose the lower f-number. Once you are done with controlling the aperture number then it can help you to control the depth of field.

The depth of Field:

You might have heard about the term “The depth of Field” which means the region of adequate sharpness within a photo that appears in the focus line. When you focus on an object, you can observe the area in front and behind the object. This zone will vary from object to object because some zones will have less focus area i.e shallow depth of field and vice versa. Aperture, the focal length of the lens and distance from the object will affect the depth of field of the images.

Shutter Speed:

The sensor is closed by a curtain wall called shutter. This shutter opens when you begin shooting the picture and then the light reaches the sensor through the aperture hole. When the shutter opening lasts for longer then more light can reach the sensor and is so called Shutter Speed. Shutter speed is measured in seconds and you need not worry about F-numbers in this case.

If the lighting is bright then we use hundredths of a second and if it is cloudy or in shade then tenths of a second might be used. When we focus on a moving object, the sense first catches the object and will later see the background of the object at the same position. When you need to perfectly capture the picture, you need to check whether it is fast shutter speed or slow shutter speed. Pictures snapped on slow shutter speed will be a blur and you will see a ghost effect in it.

ISO Speed:

ISO comes into the role play when you were not able to get the right exposure with the aperture and the shutter speed. This will let you know the sensitivity of the camera sensor when the light passes through it. You can increase the light intensity with the available light by increasing the ISO Speed. ISO speed commonly depends on the camera chosen by you and it would be measured in ISO 100 or ISO 200. When there is an insufficient light ISO will help you to balance the light. Generally, the natural measures called aperture and shutter speed will control the amount of light. But ISO does more help when there were of no use. Expensive cameras will have higher ISO speeds like up to ISO 3200 and more.

Make proper Balance

One can become pro in Photography basics only when you could follow all the above points perfectly. So make sure you could balance each and every aspect and shoot a colorful picture. Do subscribe us for more information with regards to photography basics.


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